Academic sources

Articles by scholars on press and media freedom published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Open access articles are privileged

The cultural and economic power of advertisers in the business press

A study of the impact of advertising practices on the editorial independence of reporters

read more

Defining "Fake News." A Typology of Scholarly Definitions

In the last two decades, the term "fake news" has been used with several different meanings, which fall into six categories. It is possible to map them out according to their reliance on facts and their intention to mislead

read more

"They Go for Gender First." The Nature and Effect of Sexist Abuse of Female Technology Journalists

Most women journalists writing about technology experience forms of harassment. As a result, they tend to resort to self-censorship and risk to be marginalised from the media industry

read more

Churnalism on the Rise? Assessing Convergence Effects on Editorial Practices

Newrooms' excessive reliance on pre-packaged sources of news lowers the quality of information and threatens media pluralism, but it has become a mainstream practice - at least in the case of Greece

read more

Fighting Putin and the Kremlin’s grip in neo-authoritarian Russia

An article on the issues faced by liberal journalists in Russia and their coping strategies

read more

Political Contest and Oppositional Voices in Postconflict Democracy

How do the shape of political institutions in post conflict society affect government–media relationships? A case study on the Northern Irish context

read more

Paying for Online News. A comparative analysis of six countries

What are the factors influencing the people's willingness to pay for online news content? Data indicate that other kinds of news consumption matter in this respect

read more

Freedom of Information Laws: evolution of the number of requests in 11 jurisdictions

With freedom of information statutes in over 100 countries today, law has become a key tool for journalists from India to Mexico. But their success depends on how they are used and implemented

read more

The Impact of Media Freedom, Internet Access and Governmental Online Service Delivery on Corruption

What's the impact that media freedom, internet access and governmental online service delivery have on corruption? A cross-national study uses secondary data for 157 countries to answer this question

read more

Defining media freedom in international policy debates

Andrei Richter examines the transformation of notions of media freedom in post-war history

read more