Academic sources

Articles by scholars on press and media freedom published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Open access articles are privileged

Can’t We Just Disregard Fake News? The Consequences of Exposure to Inaccurate Information

Disinformation can create confusion, doubt, and reliance on inaccurate content. A paper, published on Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, discusses the problem and possible solutions

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Fake News as a Floating Signifier: Hegemony, Antagonism and the Politics of Falsehood

The paper, published on Javnost - The Public Journal, argues that “fake news” has become a “floating signifier”, something which is used by different factions as a part of a battle to impose their viewpoint

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Neutrollization: Industrialized trolling as a pro-Kremlin strategy of desecuritization

This research paper, published on the Security Dialogue journal, identifies and discusses the practice of "neutrollization", a trolling practice aimed at neutralising civil society attempts to cast the Kremlin regime as a societal security threat

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The European media discourse on immigration and its effects: a literature review

The authors of these paper, published on the Annals of the International Communication Association, conducted a literature review of the studies about media coverage of and media effects related to immigration in Europe

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Troll Factories: The Internet Research Agency and State-Sponsored Agenda Building

Darren L. Linvill and Patrick L. Warren (Clemson University) published a working paper about the methods used by the Internet Research Agency, a Russia-sponsored troll group

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Populism in online election coverage

How populist messages by media actors, political actors, and readers are distributed via online news articles, and reader comments during election campaigns in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and France

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Commercial pressures in Spanish newsrooms

A study based on 50 interviews with Spanish journalists examines how they respond to commercial pressure from newspapers’ advertisers

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Mediated Personalization of Executive European Union Politics

A piece of automated content analysis on a corpus of articles covering the European Commission from 1992 to 2016

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Media Independence through Routine Press-State Relations

A case study of media independence and press-state relationship based on coverage of migration in the United Kingdom

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A Structured Response to Misinformation: Defining and Annotating Credibility Indicators in News Articles

This study suggests a way to determine the credibility of newspaper articles by developing collectively agreed indicators. The aim is to allow credible content to lead to greater collaboration and data-sharing across initiatives. As proof-of-concept, it presents a dataset of 40 articles of varying credibility annotated with these indicators

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