Academic sources

Articles by scholars on press and media freedom published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Open access articles are privileged

Troll Factories: The Internet Research Agency and State-Sponsored Agenda Building

Darren L. Linvill and Patrick L. Warren (Clemson University) published a working paper about the methods used by the Internet Research Agency, a Russia-sponsored troll group

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Populism in online election coverage

How populist messages by media actors, political actors, and readers are distributed via online news articles, and reader comments during election campaigns in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and France

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Commercial pressures in Spanish newsrooms

A study based on 50 interviews with Spanish journalists examines how they respond to commercial pressure from newspapers’ advertisers

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Mediated Personalization of Executive European Union Politics

A piece of automated content analysis on a corpus of articles covering the European Commission from 1992 to 2016

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Media Independence through Routine Press-State Relations

A case study of media independence and press-state relationship based on coverage of migration in the United Kingdom

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A Structured Response to Misinformation: Defining and Annotating Credibility Indicators in News Articles

This study suggests a way to determine the credibility of newspaper articles by developing collectively agreed indicators. The aim is to allow credible content to lead to greater collaboration and data-sharing across initiatives. As proof-of-concept, it presents a dataset of 40 articles of varying credibility annotated with these indicators

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Challenges to Media Freedom: A view from Europe

Drawing on the findings of two projects awarded by the European Commission, the paper examines the sources of the threats hindering media freedom in Europe

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The fake news game: actively inoculating against the risk of misinformation

Can a game in which participants create a fake news article help them spot misinformation in the real world? Researchers made an experiment in a high school in the Netherlands

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Do tabloids poison the well of social media? Explaining democratically dysfunctional news sharing

The study analyzes misinformation, disinformation, and “fake news” using a new theoretical framework and a unique research design integrating survey data and analysis of observed news sharing behaviors on social media in the United Kingdom. The research is designed of combination analysis of news media content, self-reports from relevant groups of social media users, and digital trace data

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News in Social Media

The article analyses news-gathering on social media, focusing on theories of opinion leaders and the concept of incidental news consumption. The research uses a combination of representative survey data and qualitative interviews with young people aged 16–19 in Sweden

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