Academic sources

Articles by scholars on press and media freedom published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Open access articles are privileged

Better off without You? How the British Media Portrayed EU Citizens in Brexit News

A study published on The International Journal of Press/Politics found that EU citizens were generally not portrayed negatively in Brexit news, except in regional newspapers of England and Wales. It also suggests that news media presented the referendum as a vote against migrations in general and not about intra-EU migrations

read more United Kingdom EU Member States Local media


Filter Bubbles, Echo Chambers, and Online News Consumption

This article provides an empirical starting point for understanding how novel means of news consumption, in particular social media and search engines, affect ideological polarization of readers

read more Online news Online media

Authoritarian Practices in the Digital Age

This paper is the introduction to a Special Section that systematically examines authoritarian practices in relation to digital technologies in multilateral, transnational, and public–private settings. It explains the research agenda and aim of the collection and briefly describes its contributions

read more Freedom of expression Fake news and disinformation Media ownership Media pluralism Surveillance Privacy

Identifying and Countering Fake News

A paper published on Arizona Legal Studies identifies distinct types of fake news based on intent and motivation, and discusses solutions based on law, market, code/architecture, and social norms

read more Fake news and disinformation Media freedom Freedom of expression Social media

The Panama and Paradise Papers: The Rise of a Global Fourth Estate

This article connects recent large-scale projects by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), such as the Panama and Paradise Papers revelations, to ongoing theoretical discussions about emergent forms of journalism

read more Investigative journalism Whistleblowing Professional journalism Media freedom

Automated Serendipity

According to an article published on “Digital Journalism”, people that use search engines for online news use more diverse and more balanced sources.

read more United Kingdom Germany Spain Online news Online media Americas

Disinformation and Social Bot Operations in the Run Up to the 2017 French Presidential Election

In a paper published on First Monday, Emilio Ferrara studies the role of Twitter in the MacronLeaks disinformation campaign

read more France Fake news and disinformation Social media Americas

Reconstruction of the socio-semantic dynamics of political activist Twitter networks

A case study of the French political landscape on Twitter during the 2017 presidential election, and how different political communities share fake news and debunks

read more France Social media Fake news and disinformation Data visualization Fact-checking

Sourcing the Sources: An analysis of the use of Twitter and Facebook as a journalistic source

The study analyses the sourcing techniques used by newspaper journalists in the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany. The comparison of Twitter and Facebook sources is given to verify whether the findings apply to social media in general

read more Professional journalism Social media Germany United Kingdom