Academic sources

Articles by scholars on press and media freedom published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Open access articles are privileged

Do tabloids poison the well of social media? Explaining democratically dysfunctional news sharing

The study analyzes misinformation, disinformation, and “fake news” using a new theoretical framework and a unique research design integrating survey data and analysis of observed news sharing behaviors on social media in the United Kingdom. The research is designed of combination analysis of news media content, self-reports from relevant groups of social media users, and digital trace data

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News in Social Media

The article analyses news-gathering on social media, focusing on theories of opinion leaders and the concept of incidental news consumption. The research uses a combination of representative survey data and qualitative interviews with young people aged 16–19 in Sweden

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The echo chamber is overstated: the moderating effect of political interest and diverse media

The study analyzes the relationship between media diversity and political interest, challenging the impact of echo chambers and tempering fears of partisan segregation

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What Politicians Look for in the News and How That Affects Their Behavior

The study analyses what kind of information politicians look for in the news and how these “informational media use motives” explain their media responsiveness. Classic uses and gratifications (U&G) tradition in communication research is applied to elite studies by using a survey of Finnish MPs

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The Panama and Paradise Papers: The Rise of a Global Fourth Estate

This article connects recent large-scale projects by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), such as the Panama and Paradise Papers revelations, to ongoing theoretical discussions about emergent forms of journalism

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Italy: From Italian Constitution to the Internet era

Perspectives, challenges and developments for the Italian jurisprudence

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De-Europeanization in the Balkans. Media freedom in post-Milošević Serbia

This article applies case study analysis to Serbian media freedom in order to verify whether the media sector is undergoing a process of de-Europeanization while the country is advancing toward EU accession

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How the news media activate public expression and influence national agendas

Media outlets exert a very significant influence on expressed public opinion, a large-scale experiment proves

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Junk News and Bots during the German Parliamentary Election: What are German Voters Sharing over Twitter?

The article studies Twitter data on bot activity and junk news using a set of hashtags related to the 2017 German Parliamentary Election

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The cultural and economic power of advertisers in the business press

A study of the impact of advertising practices on the editorial independence of reporters

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