Academic sources

Articles by scholars on press and media freedom published in peer-reviewed academic journals. Open access articles are privileged

Identifying and Countering Fake News

A paper published on Arizona Legal Studies identifies distinct types of fake news based on intent and motivation, and discusses solutions based on law, market, code/architecture, and social norms

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Churnalism on the Rise? Assessing Convergence Effects on Editorial Practices

Newrooms' excessive reliance on pre-packaged sources of news lowers the quality of information and threatens media pluralism, but it has become a mainstream practice - at least in the case of Greece

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Rethinking Hallin and Mancini Beyond the West: An Analysis of Media Systems in Central and Eastern Europe

This study aims to validate and extend Hallin and Mancini’s framework of comparison to media systems in Central and Eastern Europe

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Fighting Putin and the Kremlin’s grip in neo-authoritarian Russia

An article on the issues faced by liberal journalists in Russia and their coping strategies

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Fighting for recognition: Online abuse of women bloggers in Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States

This study argues that democratic potential of social media in democracies remains haphazard because online abuse is not fully recognized as entangling online and offline communication, constituted and constructed through technological, legal, social, and cultural factors. It is based on interviews with 109 bloggers who write about feminisms, family, and/or maternity politics. According to the findings 73.4% had negative experiences due to blogging and/or social media use

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Radical Journalism: Lessons from Greece

How radical journalism in crisis-stricken Greece understands itself and operates in a context that can be described as post democracy

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Political Contest and Oppositional Voices in Postconflict Democracy

How do the shape of political institutions in post conflict society affect government–media relationships? A case study on the Northern Irish context

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Paying for Online News. A comparative analysis of six countries

What are the factors influencing the people's willingness to pay for online news content? Data indicate that other kinds of news consumption matter in this respect

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Freedom of Information Laws: evolution of the number of requests in 11 jurisdictions

With freedom of information statutes in over 100 countries today, law has become a key tool for journalists from India to Mexico. But their success depends on how they are used and implemented

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The Impact of Media Freedom, Internet Access and Governmental Online Service Delivery on Corruption

What's the impact that media freedom, internet access and governmental online service delivery have on corruption? A cross-national study uses secondary data for 157 countries to answer this question

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