Reports

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Bulgaria: media ownership in a “captured state”

A report on the fact-finding mission by ECPMF and OBCT on Bulgaria’s media ownership structures and their implications for media freedom

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The backfire effect

The backfire effect happens when debunking an ideological belief reinforces rather than weaken the belief itself. Full Fact’s Research Manager Amy Sippitt reviewed seven studies about backfire effect, concluding that it may occur only in some cases

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Feindbild Journalist

Feindbild Journalist by ECPMF reports on the physical attacks journalists faced in Germany in 2018. It also compares the results with the analyses carried out in the previous years

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Confronting the Crisis in Independent Media

Given the undeniable decline of independent journalism and the lack of understanding by international donors about how to help, this report sketches guidelines on how to confront the crisis on a coordinated global scale

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Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Final Report

This is the final report of an inquiry by the Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport (DCMS) Committee of the British House of Commons into Disinformation and 'fake news', which started in September 2017. In November 2018, representatives from eight countries (Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, France, Ireland, Latvia, and Singapore) joined the DCMS Committee to form an International Grand Committee

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Democracy at Risk: Threats and Attacks Against Media Freedom in Europe. Annual Report 2019

This 2019 Annual Report by 12 Council of Europe partner organisations portrays the situation of the media environment in Europe, highlighting its most problematic aspects and their causes. It also provides an in-depth look into particular issues or countries and recommendations to ensure a better media environment

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Freedom of Expression Trials in Turkey (June-December 2018)

The Media and Law Studies Association (MLSA) and International Press Institute (IPI) prepared this report to provide a larger set of data on the Turkish court system in relation to freedom of expression trials. The data that is provided also aims to show the ECtHR and other relevant bodies that Turkey’s judicial system is far from being effective, speedy, or efficient

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GLASNOST! Nine ways Facebook can make itself a better forum for free speech and democracy

The report analyses how Facebook has tackled specific issues concerning political information and political speech, and then suggests nine ways to make the platform a better forum for free speech and democracy

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Romania’s press freedom fall

This short report by Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF) describes the current situation in Romanian media as press freedom has sharply declined in recent years. The country ranked 44th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index

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The Expression Agenda 2017/2018. The state of freedom of expression around the world

ARTICLE 19 report shows sharp decline in global freedom of expression since 2014, and a continuous decline over ten years

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