Reports

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

The Expression Agenda 2017/2018. The state of freedom of expression around the world

ARTICLE 19 report shows sharp decline in global freedom of expression since 2014, and a continuous decline over ten years

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Guide to Advertising Technology

Journalists need to know how advertising technology works

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News vs. fake AGCOM report on Italy

A report by the Italian telecommunications regulatory body about real and fake news in the Italian information system

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How The Wall Street Journal is preparing its journalists to detect deepfakes

Deepfakes, false videos created with artificial intelligence and machine learning, are coming. Newsroom should train their journalists to detect them. Francesco Marconi and Till Daldrup (WSJ) share some insights and tips

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Content or Context Moderation?

Robyn Caplan analyses three different types of content moderation: artisanal, community-reliant, and industrial, and highlights the tension between consistent decisions and context-based decisions

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Demonising the media: Threats to journalists in Europe

The report surveys over 3,000 media freedom incidents documented by Index on Censorship’s “Mapping Media Freedom” (MMF) project since May 2014 with a view to outlining key trends and categories

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Targeting the Messenger: Journalists on the Frontline of Protests

The latest report by Index on Censorship's Mapping Media Freedom (MMF) project provides an insight into the threats that European journalists face when covering demonstrations

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Hacks, leaks and disruptions – Russian cyber strategies

This edition of the Chaillot Papers, the monographic publication by the European Union Institute for Security Studies, is devoted to Russia’s cyber posture, some case studies of Russian cyberattacks, and EU and NATO approaches to cyber threats

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Weaponizing the Digital Influence Machine: The Political Perils of Online Ad Tech

Developments in technology have turned digital political advertising into a weapon which is dangerous to democracy, a report by Data & Society argues

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#TrollTracker: Bots, Botnets, and Trolls

The Digital Forensic Research Lab of the Atlantic Council published a post about how to distinguish bost, botnets and trolls.

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