Reports

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2018

This study explores the ways news is being consumed in a range of countries. This year's report focuses on the issues of trust and misinformation, media literacy, new online business models, the impact of changing Facebook algorithms and the rise of new platforms and messaging apps

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The Oxygen of Amplification

The report, written by digital media scholar Whitney Phillips for Data&Society, shows how the far-right manipulated the media in 2016, discusses the relation between reporting and amplifying extremist ideology and suggests some tips to journalists on when and how to cover online harassment campaigns and manipulations

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News Media in Western Europe: Populist Views Divide Public Opinion

A team at the Pew Research Center conducted a public opinion survey in eight countries of Western Europe about trust in news media in relation to how people place themselves on a left/right and on a populist/non-populist axis. Attention was also given to how people use social media as a source for news

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Turkey: Freedom of Expression in Jeopardy

The report, written for English PEN by two human rights experts, provides an overview of the state of freedom of expression in Turkey after the attempted coup in July 2016 and engages in a critical evaluation of the violations of the rights of writers, publishers, academics and within academic institutions

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A multi-dimensional approach to disinformation

This report is the result of the work done by the High Level Group (HLEG) convened by Commissioner Mariya Gabriel to advise the European Commission on policy initiatives to counter fake news and disinformation online in Europe

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Gender Equality in the EU’s Digital and Media Sectors

This briefing by the European Parliamentary Research Service (March 2018) provides updated background data showing the existing gender divide in the digital and media sectors across the European Union

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Responding to “hate speech”: Comparative overview of six EU countries

Legal framework, practices and regulations related to ‘hate speech’ in Austria, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom

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Common sense wanted. Resilience to “post-truth” and its predictors in the new Media Literacy Index 2018

The Media Literacy Index 2018 shows that there is a clearly geographic pattern in the potential of resilience to post-truth phenomenon: the countries with a better performance are in the North and Northwest of Europe, as opposed to the countries in the Southeastern Europe. Countries like Hungary, Italy and Greece are in a middle cluster

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Italian Online and Offline Political Communication Regulation: an Overview

In the lead-up of March 4, 2018 Italian elections and resting upon the experience of the last elections in the UK, France, Germany and the U.S., this report proposes an overview of the existing Italian legal framework regulating political communication during electoral campaigns

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Measuring the reach of “fake news” and online disinformation in Europe

This fact sheet by RISJ provides top level usage statistics for the most popular sites that independent fact-checkers and other observers have identified as publishers of false news and online disinformation in two European countries: France and Italy

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