Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Liability and jurisdictional issues in online defamation cases

Content published online in one state can produce effects on an unlimited number of persons. An allegedly defamatory statement can therefore be claimed to have produced damage in several states, which may result in complex international legal disputes

read more SLAPP Freedom of expression Media freedom Defamation and Libel

What Can Be Done? Digital Media Policy Options for Strengthening European Democracy

This report identifies some policy options able to create an environment that is more conducive to independent professional journalism, demonstrating what democratic digital media policy could look like with freedom, funding, and a future

read more European Policy Freedom of expression Media freedom Media pluralism Media ownership Media literacy

Joint International Press Freedom Mission to Hungary: conclusions

Hungary dismantles media freedom and pluralism: this is the main finding of the international mission that visited Hungary in November 2019, meeting journalists, civil society organisations, a spokesperson of the government, and the Mayor of Budapest

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Turkey's Journalists in the Dock. Judicial Silencing of the Fourth Estate. Joint International Press Freedom Mission to Turkey

The mission, consisting of representatives of International Press Institute (IPI), ARTICLE 19, European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), PEN International, Norwegian PEN, Reporters without Borders (RSF), and European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF), reports that the press freedom environment in the country has not improved since the lifting of the state of emergency in July 2018

read more Turkey Freedom of expression Media freedom Media pluralism

The Global Disinformation Order: 2019 Global Inventory of Organised Social Media Manipulation

The report highlights the findings from the three-year project on monitoring organised social media manipulation campaigns around the globe. One of the key discoveries is the increase by 150% in social media manipulation campaigns over the last two years

read more Media freedom Fake news and disinformation Online news Online media

Pushing on an Open Door: Foreign Authoritarian Influence in the Western Balkans

Powers such as Russia, Turkey, China, and several Persian Gulf states are exerting increasing influence in the Western Balkans, bringing significant economic and political leverage. This publication is part of a new International Forum working paper series

read more Western_Balkans Russia Freedom of expression Media freedom Media pluralism Media ownership Media capture

Italy: so much mafia, so little news. Report on the December 2018 joint fact-finding mission

A detailed description of the Italian system of protection for journalists, a survey among reporters under police protection, and an overview of proposals: this is the result of a fact-finding mission held in Italy by ECPMF with Ossigeno per l’Informazione and OBCT

read more SLAPP Freedom of expression Media freedom Safety of journalists Italy

Italy - Media Pluralism Monitor 2017

This study investigates the conditions of media pluralism in Italy, highlighting worrying trends and providing useful information for policymakers, researchers and civil society responsible for implementing advocacy measures

read more Media freedom Freedom of expression Media pluralism Public Service Media Public broadcasting

The Business of Misinformation: Bosnia and Herzegovina. LYING FOR PROFIT

This report, published as part of a project aimed at keeping track of the individuals and companies that own misinformation websites and their links to institutions, parties, and other individuals, shows that misinformation websites in Bosnia and Herzegovina are mainly motivated by profit

read more Bosnia Herzegovina Journalism education Media freedom Media pluralism Media ownership Fake news and disinformation

Fact-finding mission to Czech Republic, 7th-8th October 2019

From the very difficult position of local media to the Prime Minister's links to the outlets he used to own, the Czech Republic's issues in the field of freedom of expression are very evident, and the delegation has clear recommendations to give

read more Czech Republic Freedom of expression Media freedom Media ownership Media pluralism Media capture