Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Hands Off Press Freedom: Attacks on Media in Europe Must Not Become a New Normal

2020 Annual Report by the partner organisations to the Council of Europe Platform to Promote the Protection of Journalism and Safety of Journalists

read more Safety of journalists SLAPP Council of Europe Member States

Disinformation and propaganda – impact on the functioning of the rule of law in the EU and its Member States

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs and requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, assesses the impact of disinformation and strategic political propaganda disseminated through online social media sites

read more Fake news and disinformation Media Law European Policy

Targeted, cut off, and left in the dark

The #KeepItOn report on internet shutdowns in 2019

read more Digital safety

Unsafe for Scrutiny: Examining the pressures faced by journalists uncovering financial crime and corruption around the world

This report presents the findings of a global survey conducted in September – October 2020 among 63 in investigative journalists from 41 countries

read more Investigative journalism SLAPP

Funding Journalism: Italy

This report is part of  Media Influence Matrix , run by CMDS through a global research and advocacy alliance with the aim of investigating the profound impact that rapid shifts in policy, funding and technology are having on journalism today. Each country report consists of three studies, covering politics and policy, journalism funding and technology

read more Advertising Italy Online news Online media Research

Online violence against women journalists: a global snapshot of incidence and impacts

A survey, part of a broader UNESCO-commissioned collaborative study examining the incidence, impacts and responses to online violence against women journalists in 15 countries

read more Harassment Gender issues Online news Online media

How to protect journalists and other media actors? Implementation guide

Implementation Guide by the Council of Europe to selected topics under the Protection and Prosecution pillars of the Guidelines of Recommendation CM/Rec(2016)4 on the protection of journalism and safety of journalists and other media actors

read more Safety of journalists Media freedom

Media Freedom in Europe in the Shadow of COVID-19

A monitoring report by IPI highlighting the threats of legislation, new regulations, fake news and advertising under the pressure of the pandemic

read more COVID-19

Online harassment and abuse against women journalists and major social media platforms

A briefing by Article 19 within their activity on women harassment: a look at policies and practices of three dominant social media companies and their role in addressing online harassment and abuse against women on their platforms

read more Harassment Online news Online media Safety of journalists

MFRR Fast Response Mission Report: Montenegro

Media Freedom in Montenegro: Uncertain optimism or optimistic uncertainty. A report authored by European Centre for Press and Media Freedom with contributions from Renate Schroeder of European Federation of Journalists and Luka Zanoni of Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT)

read more Montenegro SLAPP Safety of journalists Media Law Media pluralism