Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Sued Into Silence: How the rich and powerful use legal tactics to shut critics up

A study about SLAPP, strategic lawsuits against public participation, that highlights the situation in Europe, with suggestions and inputs for the future

read more SLAPP European Policy

SLAPP in the EU context

A research requested by the EU Commission about SLAPP, strategic lawsuits against public participation

read more SLAPP European Policy Croatia Italy Malta Hungary France

2020 Rule of law report - Communication and country chapters

The 2020 Rule of Law Report presents a synthesis of both the rule of law situation in the EU and an assessment of the situation in each Member State

read more SLAPP Media capture Media Law

Breaking the silence. A new report on the legal measures that will give journalists back their voices

The results of a roundtable promoted by Index on Censorship to evaluate and develop a previous research about SLAPP, strategic lawsuits against public participation

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EngelliWeb 2019: An Iceberg of Unseen Internet Censorship in Turkey

Detailed statistical information in relation to blocked websites, news articles (URL-based), social media accounts and social media content for the 2007-2019 period

read more Turkey Censorship Access to information Media freedom Online news Online media

Safety of Journalists and the Fighting of Corruption in the EU

A study commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee (Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs) examines the chilling effect of crimes and threats against media workers, exploring regulatory and other measures to counter the phenomenon

read more SLAPP Safety of journalists Italy European Policy Poland Sweden Malta Denmark Hungary Slovakia Netherlands Spain Access to information Media ownership Media capture Defamation and Libel

A gathering storm: the laws being used to silence the media

A review by Index on Censorship of how laws are being used in Europe to bring actions against journalists

read more SLAPP Defamation and Libel European Policy Freedom of expression

Media Freedom made in Scandinavia: six examples of best practices

This report of a fact-finding mission to Scandinavia organised by ECPMF with the participation of EFJ and OBCT shows policies and approaches that can inspire change for the better, suggesting what governments and media actors can do to defend media freedom

read more Media capture SLAPP Freedom of expression Media freedom Media ownership Media pluralism Sweden Denmark

Freedom in the World 2020 - A Leaderless Struggle for Democracy

2019 was the 14th consecutive year of decline in global freedom. Some highlights from Freedom House's annual report on political rights and civil liberties

read more Freedom of expression Human rights Censorship Transparency