Reports

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Online Module: ethical journalism practices on migrants and refugees

Terminology, news angles, sources, the use of audio-visual content, and most importantly journalism ethics

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Online Module: Inclusion through media

These resources and case studies look at the role and responsibilities of media, civil society, and institutions in enabling (or hindering) empowerment and participation of all members of society

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The Oxygen of Amplification

The report, written by digital media scholar Whitney Phillips for Data&Society, shows how the far-right manipulated the media in 2016, discusses the relation between reporting and amplifying extremist ideology and suggests some tips to journalists on when and how to cover online harassment campaigns and manipulations

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Developing a disinformation detection system and sourcing it live – The case study of the 2018 Italian elections

EU DisinfoLab developed a system for monitoring disinformation based on an identified ecosystem rather than on a series of keywords. They tested it on the 2018 Italian general elections

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News Media in Western Europe: Populist Views Divide Public Opinion

A team at the Pew Research Center conducted a public opinion survey in eight countries of Western Europe about trust in news media in relation to how people place themselves on a left/right and on a populist/non-populist axis. Attention was also given to how people use social media as a source for news

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Defending Free Speech

This report by the Swedish Government presents an action plan to safeguard and strengthen the democratic discourse against threats and hatred, with special regard to politically elected representatives, journalists and artists

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Council of Europe Recommendation on media pluralism, transparency of media ownership and media literacy

The Council of Europe has issued guidelines to its 47 member states in order to promote media pluralism, transparency of media ownership and media literacy

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Report about media situation in Estonia and Lithuania

The report is the result of a a fact-finding mission realised by the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) and the European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF) in Estonia and Lithuania in January 2018, aimed at investigating the media situation in the region

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Internet and electoral campaigns

Rules on electoral campaigning were written for traditional media. This report examines how the shift to digital media affects the effectiveness of these rules and suggests updates

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Turkey: Freedom of Expression in Jeopardy

The report, written for English PEN by two human rights experts, provides an overview of the state of freedom of expression in Turkey after the attempted coup in July 2016 and engages in a critical evaluation of the violations of the rights of writers, publishers, academics and within academic institutions

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