Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Safety of Journalists and the Fighting of Corruption in the EU

A study commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee (Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs) examines the chilling effect of crimes and threats against media workers, exploring regulatory and other measures to counter the phenomenon

read more SLAPP Safety of journalists Italy European Policy Poland Sweden Malta Denmark Hungary Slovakia Netherlands Spain Access to information Media ownership Media capture Defamation and Libel

A gathering storm: the laws being used to silence the media

A review by Index on Censorship of how laws are being used in Europe to bring actions against journalists

read more SLAPP Defamation and Libel European Policy Freedom of expression

Media Freedom made in Scandinavia: six examples of best practices

This report of a fact-finding mission to Scandinavia organised by ECPMF with the participation of EFJ and OBCT shows policies and approaches that can inspire change for the better, suggesting what governments and media actors can do to defend media freedom

read more Media capture SLAPP Freedom of expression Media freedom Media ownership Media pluralism Sweden Denmark

Freedom in the World 2020 - A Leaderless Struggle for Democracy

2019 was the 14th consecutive year of decline in global freedom. Some highlights from Freedom House's annual report on political rights and civil liberties

read more Freedom of expression Human rights Censorship Transparency

Freedom on the Net 2019 - The crisis of social media

Freedom on the Net is an annual study of Internet freedom in 65 countries around the world, covering 87% of the world’s Internet users. It tracks improvement and decline in Internet freedom conditions each year.

read more Social media Surveillance Freedom of expression Fake news and disinformation Media freedom Censorship

Trust in Media 2019

A report by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) explores European citizens’ perception of the trustworthiness of several types of media

read more Trust in media Social media

Fighting Words: Journalism Under Assault in Central and Eastern Europe

The report examines the state of press freedom in Central and Eastern Europe. Based on the results of a survey of almost a hundred journalists, the paper suggests possible measures to support independent journalism

read more Political pressure Safety of journalists Media capture