Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Robust whistleblower protection is a crucial challenge for European democracy

The European Commission published on April 23, 2018, a proposal for a Directive "on the protection of persons reporting on breaches of Union law". Quentin Van Enis, a legal expert specialised in media, analyses for the EFJ the draft directive from the journalists’ perspective

read more Whistleblowing

The Assault on Journalism

Drawing on the contributions to a UNESCO’s conference held in connection with World Press Freedom Day 2016, this Nordicom publication provides a thorough overview of worldwide research in the field of journalists’ safety

read more Safety of journalists

Media reporting: facts, nothing but facts?

This special report provides an overview of how the principles of accuracy, objectivity, and fairness in news and current affairs reporting are regulated at European and national level

read more Access to information Media freedom

Hyperlocal News: After the Hype – A Polis/LSE Report

The report aims to identify trends in the hyperlocal news sector in UK and to stimulate innovation and debate around the digitalization and impact of the hyperlocal news

read more Local media Professional journalism United Kingdom

Targeting the Messenger: Journalists on the Frontline of Protests

The latest report by Index on Censorship's Mapping Media Freedom (MMF) project provides an insight into the threats that European journalists face when covering demonstrations

read more France Poland Romania Germany Spain Safety of journalists

Demonising the media: Threats to journalists in Europe

The report surveys over 3,000 media freedom incidents documented by Index on Censorship’s “Mapping Media Freedom” (MMF) project since May 2014 with a view to outlining key trends and categories

read more EU Member States Turkey Freedom of expression Censorship Safety of journalists

Digital News Report 2018 - Turkey Supplementary Report

This study is based on the analysis of data collected as part of the Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2018. Based on the responses given by 2019 people from urban contexts of different parts of the country, it provides an overview of the media landscape in Turkey in 2018

read more Turkey Media freedom Online news Online media Media literacy Fake news and disinformation Trust in media

Information Manipulation: A Challenge for Our Democracies

The joint report by the French Policy Planning Staff (CAPS) of the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs and the Institute for Strategic Research (IRSEM) of the Ministry for the Armed Forces aims at developing a better understanding of the issue, mainly focusing on information manipulation orchestrated by States and whose purpose is to weaken democratic debate in other States

read more France Fake news and disinformation Cyber security Propaganda Freedom of expression Media freedom

Synopsis report of the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation

This synopsis report presents the major points emerged from the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation held by the European Commission

read more Fake news and disinformation Media freedom Freedom of expression Censorship Media literacy Fact-checking Trust in media

Journalists: The bête noire of organized crime

Reporters Without Borders released a compelling collection of case studies and interviews with journalists threatened by mafias and criminal groups worldwide

read more Poland Investigative journalism Safety of journalists