Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Democracy at Risk: Threats and Attacks Against Media Freedom in Europe. Annual Report 2019

This 2019 Annual Report by 12 Council of Europe partner organisations portrays the situation of the media environment in Europe, highlighting its most problematic aspects and their causes. It also provides an in-depth look into particular issues or countries and recommendations to ensure a better media environment

read more Turkey Italy Hungary Russia Council of Europe Member States Freedom of expression Media freedom Legal protection Safety of journalists Political pressure

Confronting the Crisis in Independent Media

Given the undeniable decline of independent journalism and the lack of understanding by international donors about how to help, this report sketches guidelines on how to confront the crisis on a coordinated global scale

read more Media freedom Media pluralism Media ownership Professional journalism

Online Module: Inclusion through media

These resources and case studies look at the role and responsibilities of media, civil society, and institutions in enabling (or hindering) empowerment and participation of all members of society

read more Journalism education Media pluralism Media freedom

Public Service Media in the context of disinformation and propaganda

This report explores the critical role of the Public Service Media (PSM) in counteracting the widespread phenomenon of information disorder, calling for a joint action among relevant actors and highlighting core novel “best practices” and activities undertaken by public service media organizations worldwide

read more Media freedom Public Service Media Fake news and disinformation Media pluralism Journalism education Freedom of expression