Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Data Voids. Where Missing Data Can Easily Be Exploited

The assumption that for any given query there is some relevant content is not true. When there is little content available, the most relevant content is low-quality or problematic, or both. The paper shows how manipulators expose users to problematic content by exploiting search engine results

read more Fake news and disinformation Online news Online media Verification

Going Digital. A roadmap for organisational transformation

Two decades after the emergence of the Internet, what can be learned from those media companies that have managed to drive the change?

read more Digitalisation Business model Online news Online media Professional journalism

Journalism, Media, and Technology Trends and Predictions 2020

Publishers will struggle to re-establish trust in journalism, while a backdrop of economic and political uncertainty will challenge the sustainability of many news organisations. The Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism identifies the most important media trends for 2020

read more Digitalisation Business model Fake news and disinformation Propaganda Gender in media

Liability and jurisdictional issues in online defamation cases

Content published online in one state can produce effects on an unlimited number of persons. An allegedly defamatory statement can therefore be claimed to have produced damage in several states, which may result in complex international legal disputes

read more SLAPP Freedom of expression Media freedom Defamation and Libel

What Can Be Done? Digital Media Policy Options for Strengthening European Democracy

This report identifies some policy options able to create an environment that is more conducive to independent professional journalism, demonstrating what democratic digital media policy could look like with freedom, funding, and a future

read more European Policy Freedom of expression Media freedom Media pluralism Media ownership Media literacy

Joint International Press Freedom Mission to Hungary: conclusions

Hungary dismantles media freedom and pluralism: this is the main finding of the international mission that visited Hungary in November 2019, meeting journalists, civil society organisations, a spokesperson of the government, and the Mayor of Budapest

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Turkey's Journalists in the Dock. Judicial Silencing of the Fourth Estate. Joint International Press Freedom Mission to Turkey

The mission, consisting of representatives of International Press Institute (IPI), ARTICLE 19, European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), PEN International, Norwegian PEN, Reporters without Borders (RSF), and European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF), reports that the press freedom environment in the country has not improved since the lifting of the state of emergency in July 2018

read more Turkey Freedom of expression Media freedom Media pluralism

The Global Disinformation Order: 2019 Global Inventory of Organised Social Media Manipulation

The report highlights the findings from the three-year project on monitoring organised social media manipulation campaigns around the globe. One of the key discoveries is the increase by 150% in social media manipulation campaigns over the last two years

read more Media freedom Fake news and disinformation Online news Online media

Pushing on an Open Door: Foreign Authoritarian Influence in the Western Balkans

Powers such as Russia, Turkey, China, and several Persian Gulf states are exerting increasing influence in the Western Balkans, bringing significant economic and political leverage. This publication is part of a new International Forum working paper series

read more Western Balkans Russia Freedom of expression Media freedom Media pluralism Media ownership Media capture

Italy: so much mafia, so little news. Report on the December 2018 joint fact-finding mission

A detailed description of the Italian system of protection for journalists, a survey among reporters under police protection, and an overview of proposals: this is the result of a fact-finding mission held in Italy by ECPMF with Ossigeno per l’Informazione and OBCT

read more SLAPP Freedom of expression Media freedom Safety of journalists Italy