Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Media ownership in Bulgaria: state of play and challenges

The blurred picture of Bulgarian media ownership restricts citizens’ right to information. A study by the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD)

read more Bulgaria Access to information Freedom of expression Media freedom Media ownership Media pluralism Transparency EU Member States European Policy

Is there a chance for non-partisan journalism in Poland?

An in-depth overview of the changes occurred in Poland's media landscape after the collapse of communism in 1989

read more Poland Political pressure Media freedom Media pluralism

Germany: Responding to ‘hate speech’

The report was produced as part of “Media Against Hate”, a Europe-wide campaign initiated by the European Federation of Journalists and a coalition of civil society organisations

read more Germany Media freedom Hate speech

Online Module: Media Against ‘Hate Speech’

How to identify ‘hate speech’ and how to effectively counter it while protecting the rights to freedom of expression and equality

read more Hate speech Media freedom

Online Module: How to counter hate speech and manage an online community

A training module addressed to journalists, bloggers, media activists, social media managers, and professionals involved in the contrast of online hate speech

read more Hate speech Media freedom Online news Online media Journalism education

Online Module: ethical journalism practices on migrants and refugees

Terminology, news angles, sources, the use of audio-visual content, and most importantly journalism ethics

read more Ethics of journalism Journalism education Media freedom Hate speech

Concept of the enemy III: the violent forces are ganging up against journalists

The third ECPMF’s study on violence against journalists in Germany shows that the number of incidents in 2018 is close to the record high of 2015

read more Germany

Robust whistleblower protection is a crucial challenge for European democracy

The European Commission published on April 23, 2018, a proposal for a Directive "on the protection of persons reporting on breaches of Union law". Quentin Van Enis, a legal expert specialised in media, analyses for the EFJ the draft directive from the journalists’ perspective

read more Whistleblowing

The Assault on Journalism

Drawing on the contributions to a UNESCO’s conference held in connection with World Press Freedom Day 2016, this Nordicom publication provides a thorough overview of worldwide research in the field of journalists’ safety

read more Safety of journalists

Media reporting: facts, nothing but facts?

This special report provides an overview of how the principles of accuracy, objectivity, and fairness in news and current affairs reporting are regulated at European and national level

read more Access to information Media freedom