Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Hyperlocal News: After the Hype – A Polis/LSE Report

The report aims to identify trends in the hyperlocal news sector in UK and to stimulate innovation and debate around the digitalization and impact of the hyperlocal news

read more Local media Professional journalism United Kingdom

Targeting the Messenger: Journalists on the Frontline of Protests

The latest report by Index on Censorship's Mapping Media Freedom (MMF) project provides an insight into the threats that European journalists face when covering demonstrations

read more France Poland Romania Germany Spain Safety of journalists

Demonising the media: Threats to journalists in Europe

The report surveys over 3,000 media freedom incidents documented by Index on Censorship’s “Mapping Media Freedom” (MMF) project since May 2014 with a view to outlining key trends and categories

read more EU Member States Turkey Freedom of expression Censorship Safety of journalists

Digital News Report 2018 - Turkey Supplementary Report

This study is based on the analysis of data collected as part of the Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2018. Based on the responses given by 2019 people from urban contexts of different parts of the country, it provides an overview of the media landscape in Turkey in 2018

read more Turkey Media freedom Online news Online media Media literacy Fake news and disinformation Trust in media

Information Manipulation: A Challenge for Our Democracies

The joint report by the French Policy Planning Staff (CAPS) of the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs and the Institute for Strategic Research (IRSEM) of the Ministry for the Armed Forces aims at developing a better understanding of the issue, mainly focusing on information manipulation orchestrated by States and whose purpose is to weaken democratic debate in other States

read more France Fake news and disinformation Cybersecurity Propaganda Freedom of expression Media freedom

Synopsis report of the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation

This synopsis report presents the major points emerged from the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation held by the European Commission

read more Fake news and disinformation Media freedom Freedom of expression Censorship Media literacy Fact-checking Trust in media

Journalists: The bête noire of organized crime

Reporters Without Borders released a compelling collection of case studies and interviews with journalists threatened by mafias and criminal groups worldwide

read more Poland Investigative journalism Safety of journalists

How to Counter Fake News? A taxonomy of anti-fake news approaches

The article provides a first taxonomy of anti-fake news approaches, arguing that contrasting the phenomenon with news laws could aggravate its root causes

read more Fake news and disinformation Social media Germany France Freedom of expression Media freedom

Freedom of Expression Trials in Turkey (June-December 2018)

The Media and Law Studies Association (MLSA) and International Press Institute (IPI) prepared this report to provide a larger set of data on the Turkish court system in relation to freedom of expression trials. The data that is provided also aims to show the ECtHR and other relevant bodies that Turkey’s judicial system is far from being effective, speedy, or efficient

read more Turkey Media freedom Freedom of expression European Court of Human Rights

Democracy at Risk: Threats and Attacks Against Media Freedom in Europe. Annual Report 2019

This 2019 Annual Report by 12 Council of Europe partner organisations portrays the situation of the media environment in Europe, highlighting its most problematic aspects and their causes. It also provides an in-depth look into particular issues or countries and recommendations to ensure a better media environment

read more Turkey Italy Hungary Russia Council of Europe Member States Freedom of expression Media freedom Legal protection Safety of journalists Political pressure