Publication Date: November 2018
Research and Editorial Team: Francesco Marconi and Till Daldrup

The Wall Street Journal has launched an internal task force to fight “deepfakes”, fake videos made with artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies. They share some insights and tips. Most deepfakews are produced with faceswap technologies (that swap two faces). Other techniques use lyp sync, facial reenactment and motion transfer The best option to check if a footage is fake is often examining the source, as in traditional reporting. One can also try to find older versions of the footage with reverse image search engines, or examine it with video editing programs looking for glitches. Hints can be found also in the audio.

Thanks to new tools it is becoming easy for everyone to remove objects, change the weather, create artificial voice based on samples. As those technologies are becoming cheaper their diffusion will increase. They could be used to deceive news organizations (with the consequence of people losing trust in them), or to create deepfakes with journalists to attack them.

Tags: Fake_news_and_disinformation Journalism_education Verification