Legal Resources

News on notable legislative changes and other legal issues. Special attention is paid to significant trials marking the emergence of some new jurisprudence

Satakunnan Markkinapörssi Oy and Satamedia Oy v. Finland

The Strasbourg Court found no violation of the right to freedom of expression where Finnish courts and authorities had prohibited two companies from processing and publishing personal - but already public - tax data, first through a newspaper and later through a text-messaging service

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Is the Ukrainian ban on Russian social media justified?

The recent ban of Russian social media in Ukraine has provoked intense discussions. The author explores original Ukrainian-language documents to find out more about the official perspective on the ban

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Russia versus the European Court of Human Rights: bad news for online freedom of expression?

Russia’s unwillingness to give up part of its constitutional sovereignty may prevent the effective intervention of the European Court of Human Rights. An analysis focusing on the country's online regulation

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Medžlis Islamske Zajednice Brčko and Others v. Bosnia and Herzegovina: condemnation for four NGOs confirmed by Strasbourg Court

The European Court of Human Rights confirmed there is no Article 10 violation in the sentence for civil defamation against four NGOs, following a letter they addressed to local government offices but that was published by some daily newspapers

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Lithuania Criticised After ECHR Ruling on Russia's 'Homosexual Propaganda' Law

Following the condemnation of Russia's "propaganda law" by the Court of Strasbourg, a representative of the European Parliament urged the European Commission to review similar regulations in Lithuania

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Independent Newspapers v. Ireland: €1.25 million defamation award against newspaper violated Article 10

High damages for defamation have a “chilling effect" on freedom of expression, thus require the “most careful scrutiny” and “very strong justification”. A ECtHR landmark judgment against against abuse of defamation law

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Spain’s Transparency Lottery

The difficulties for access to information and transparency in Spain. A first instance court ruled in favour of the human rights organization Access Info Europe, with regard to the disclosure of documents about Spain's progress on open government

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Russia’s Double Standard on Dealing with “Fake” News

The supremacy of the state’s version of events is a vital national interest in Russia. The legislation targets not only those news deemed to be "false" or biased, but also historical narratives.

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Italy: a case endangering journalists’ rights to report and protect their sources

An analysis of the background and context of the on-going case involving Italian journalists Davide Vecchi and Augusto Mattioli, who are writing about the bankruptcy scandal of an historical Italian bank

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Freedom of expression: the crucial role of Strasbourg

In Strasbourg on March 24th, judges, journalists, lawyers and activists discussed the challenges facing the protection of free expression in Europe

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Audiovisual Media Services Directive

The EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) governs EU-wide coordination of national legislation on all audiovisual media, both traditional TV broadcasts and on-demand services

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European Convention on Human Rights

Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is devoted to Freedom of expressions and defines the admissible conditions under which this freedom may be restricted

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European Charter on the Freedom of the Press

The charter formulates principles for the freedom of the press from government interference - in particular for their right to safety from surveillance, electronic eavesdropping and searches of editorial departments and computers, and to unimpeded access for journalists and citizens to all domestic and foreign sources of information

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European Charter on Fundamental Rights

Article 11 of the European Charter on Fundamental Rights Human Rights is devoted to Freedom of expression and information

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Resolution on the Ethics of Journalism (CoE)

A 1993 Resolution by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe exploring different aspects of the ethics of journalism

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General comment No. 34 on Article 19 ICCPR

The UN Human Rights Committee's fundamental remarks on Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) on freedoms of opinion and expression

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