Legal Resources

News on notable legislative changes and other legal issues. Special attention is paid to significant trials marking the emergence of some new jurisprudence

“Tackling Illegal Content Online”: A Step towards Full Legitimation of Private Censorship Online?

On 28 September 2017, the European Commission published its Communication “Tackling Illegal Content Online”, raising concern about the risks for private censorship by online platforms and the modalities of its implementation

read more

Protection of journalistic sources is a basic condition for press freedom

The new judgment Becker v. Norway by the European Court of Human Rights strengthens the protection of journalistic sources

read more

Journalists dismissed from Polish public radio return to work

Two journalists were dismissed in December 2016 from Polish Radio for "disciplinary reasons". Both filed a court action against the dismissal and are now reinstatement to their job

read more

Free speech and EU Commission's communication on "Tackling Illegal Content Online"

An anaysis by European Digital Rights (EDRi) following the EU Commission Communication "Tackling Illegal Content Online", addressing its potential risks for free speech

read more

The Russian VPN ban: another round in the battle for a free Internet

In the Russian Federation, a new Law that prohibits anonymizers and VPN usage is to enter into force on 1 November 2017. What are VPNs and what does this law mean for freedom of expression? The author attempts to disentangle the technicalities at stake

read more

Restrictions on parliamentary reporting violates free expression: MLDI files intervention at European Court

MLDI and four other NGOs have filed a third-party intervention in the European Court of Human Rights case of Iván Szabolcs Mándli and Others v. Hungary. The Court will examine the circumstances under which journalists may be forbidden from entering and reporting from public fora, such as parliamentary premises

read more

Turkey: the legality of post-coup actions and the use of Bylock App as evidence in trials

An opinion on the legality of the Turkish state's reactions following the 2016 attempted coup and of the controversial use of certain facts as evidences of support or membership to a terrorist organization

read more

Satakunnan Markkinapörssi Oy and Satamedia Oy v. Finland

The Strasbourg Court found no violation of the right to freedom of expression where Finnish courts and authorities had prohibited two companies from processing and publishing personal - but already public - tax data, first through a newspaper and later through a text-messaging service

read more

Is the Ukrainian ban on Russian social media justified?

The recent ban of Russian social media in Ukraine has provoked intense discussions. The author explores original Ukrainian-language documents to find out more about the official perspective on the ban

read more

Russia versus the European Court of Human Rights: bad news for online freedom of expression?

Russia’s unwillingness to give up part of its constitutional sovereignty may prevent the effective intervention of the European Court of Human Rights. An analysis focusing on the country's online regulation

read more

Audiovisual Media Services Directive

The EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) governs EU-wide coordination of national legislation on all audiovisual media, both traditional TV broadcasts and on-demand services

read more

European Convention on Human Rights

Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is devoted to Freedom of expressions and defines the admissible conditions under which this freedom may be restricted

read more

European Charter on the Freedom of the Press

The charter formulates principles for the freedom of the press from government interference - in particular for their right to safety from surveillance, electronic eavesdropping and searches of editorial departments and computers, and to unimpeded access for journalists and citizens to all domestic and foreign sources of information

read more

European Charter on Fundamental Rights

Article 11 of the European Charter on Fundamental Rights Human Rights is devoted to Freedom of expression and information

read more

Resolution on the Ethics of Journalism (CoE)

A 1993 Resolution by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe exploring different aspects of the ethics of journalism

read more

General comment No. 34 on Article 19 ICCPR

The UN Human Rights Committee's fundamental remarks on Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) on freedoms of opinion and expression

read more