The survey was promoted by the Italian national press federation (FNSI, the unitary trade union of Italian journalists) through its Commission for equal opportunities. Tags:
Freedom of expression
Safety of journalists
2,775 anonymous questionnaires were sent out to women journalists hired by newspapers, radio and tv stations; only 42% answered (1,132).
85% of the respondents confirmed instances of sexual harassment in their professional life (for 66.3% in the last five years and for 42.2% in the last 12 months).
The most common forms of harassment include jokes and looks causing discomfort, inappropriate or offending questions about respondents' private life or their body: 43.6% report receiving insults and offenses just because they were women, while 19.3% were asked to provide sexual services in exchange for a job and 13.8% in exchange for a step forward in their career.
The report lists different forms of harassment (threats to share pictures or videos, violence, unwanted approaches), reactions (no reactions nor interventions in more than 80% of cases), authors (editors, editors-in-chief, older colleagues) and places, and stresses that the information about physical approaches is quite worrying: 34.9% of women journalists confirm they have experienced unwanted hugs, kisses, touches.
Moreover, 35% of all episodes took place in the newsroom, among colleagues, which testifies that “there is a climate of acceptance or of weak awareness of the gravity of the facts, even if it's only a bad joke creating unease and discomfort”.