Legal Resources

News on notable legislative changes and other legal issues. Special attention is paid to significant trials marking the emergence of some new jurisprudence

Vexatious cases hindering investigative journalism in Italy

Frivolous legal cases against investigative journalists are often deployed as a strategy to silence them, ultimately seeking to hinder their work. A legal analysis on three cases involving defamation charges against Italian journalist Amalia De Simone

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Legal Defence Centres Fighting for Press Freedom in Italy

Ossigeno per l’Informazione and the Italian Coalition for Civil Liberties and Rights explain their work for journalists and non-profit associations who face legal charges or need legal assistance

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Montenegro: the fight against impunity begins in the courtroom

Two recent landmark judgements in Montenegro seek to end impunity for crimes against journalists, reversing a long-lasting trend and holding authorities responsible for failing to investigate attacks against journalist Tufik Softić

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Media before Serbian Courts: A Struggle to Reach European Standards

In the field of the media law, Serbian courts are reluctant to adapt to European Court of Human Rights case-law. Serbian NGO YUCOM identified a number of gaps in the jurisprudence and formulated recommendations to address them

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Köksal v. Turkey: Excessive Formalism or Strict Adherence to Admissibility Criteria?

Recently the European Court of Human Rights declared thousands of cases from Turkey inadmissible for failure to exhaust newly-available domestic remedies. The authors look at the context and content of the inadmissibility decision

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Brambilla v. Italy

In a case involving illegal interception of police communication by three Italian journalists, ECtHR reiterates that Article 10 ECHR sets out limits to the protection afforded to the right to freedom of expression which remains valid even where the press reports on serious questions of general interest

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“Tackling Illegal Content Online”: A Step towards Full Legitimation of Private Censorship Online?

On 28 September 2017, the European Commission published its Communication “Tackling Illegal Content Online”, raising concern about the risks for private censorship by online platforms and the modalities of its implementation

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Protection of journalistic sources is a basic condition for press freedom

The new judgment Becker v. Norway by the European Court of Human Rights strengthens the protection of journalistic sources

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Journalists dismissed from Polish public radio return to work

Two journalists were dismissed in December 2016 from Polish Radio for "disciplinary reasons". Both filed a court action against the dismissal and are now reinstatement to their job

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Free speech and EU Commission's communication on "Tackling Illegal Content Online"

An anaysis by European Digital Rights (EDRi) following the EU Commission Communication "Tackling Illegal Content Online", addressing its potential risks for free speech

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Audiovisual Media Services Directive

The EU Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD) governs EU-wide coordination of national legislation on all audiovisual media, both traditional TV broadcasts and on-demand services

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European Convention on Human Rights

Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is devoted to Freedom of expressions and defines the admissible conditions under which this freedom may be restricted

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European Charter on the Freedom of the Press

The charter formulates principles for the freedom of the press from government interference - in particular for their right to safety from surveillance, electronic eavesdropping and searches of editorial departments and computers, and to unimpeded access for journalists and citizens to all domestic and foreign sources of information

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European Charter on Fundamental Rights

Article 11 of the European Charter on Fundamental Rights Human Rights is devoted to Freedom of expression and information

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Resolution on the Ethics of Journalism (CoE)

A 1993 Resolution by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe exploring different aspects of the ethics of journalism

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General comment No. 34 on Article 19 ICCPR

The UN Human Rights Committee's fundamental remarks on Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) on freedoms of opinion and expression

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