The three reporters at Domani facing up to 9 years in prison © Il Domani

Three reporters at Domani – Giovanni Tizian, Nello Trocchia, Stefano Vergine - are facing up to 9 years in prison. They are under investigation by Perugia Prosecutor’s Office for allegedly having requested and received confidential documents from a public official, and for allegedly breaching the secrecy of the investigation through the request and publication of information contained in those documents. 

The investigation started on October 2022, after Domani published articles outlining a conflict of interest  concerning Italy's Defence Minister Guido Crosetto. We revealed that for years, before being appointed minister, he was paid by the arm industry as an advisor. The minister has never denied the information we published. Yet, he filed a complaint to the Italian judicial authorities with the aim of identifying our alleged source.

Following its adoption by the European institutions, the European Media Freedom Act (EMFA) aims to strengthen the protection of journalistic sources and strictly regulate the possibility for the judiciary to investigate these sources, under the guidance of an independent judge, and only in the context of investigations into a limited number of crimes. 

In a complete break with the spirit of the EMFA, the decision by the Perugia prosecutor's office to prosecute our reporters to identify their sources risks criminalising journalism.

What is happening to Domani has already been stigmatized by the main journalists' trade unions and by organizations  such as Federazione Nazionale della Stampa Italiana, Media Freedom Rapid Response, European Centre for Press and Media Freedom, European Federation of Journalist, Free Press Unlimited, International Press Institute, ARTICLE 19 Europe and OBC Transeuropa

Without the possibility of verifying pieces of news, and without sources leaking secret information, investigative journalism would be hugely limited. Likewise, the freedom of the press would be limited, to the detriment of the public’s right to be informed about news of public interest that political and economic power tries to hide.

We fear that the current investigation on our reporters represents an attempt to breach the confidentiality of journalistic sources, and to silence our investigative reporting on members of the current government.

It is not the first time  that members of the current Italian government act against Domani and other Italian media: SLAPPs, claims for damages and intimidations are becoming more and more frequent in our country. With this call for support, we ask the Italian judicial and political authorities to respect the right to report, the freedom of the press and the public’s right to have independent media.   




Amnesty International Italia – Riccardo Noury, spokesperson


Bulgarian Investigative Journalism Centre

Civic Initiatives (Serbia)

Coalition For Women In Journalism (CFWIJ)

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)

Daphne Caruana Galizia Foundation

Deutsche Journalistinnen- und Journalisten-Union (dju) in ver.di 

DİSK Basın-İş (Turkish Press and Printing Employees Union)

Dutch Association of Journalists (NVJ)

European Centre for Press & Media Freedom (ECMPF)

European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)

Federación de Asociaciones de Periodistas de España (FAPE) 

Federazione Nazionale Stampa Italiana (FNSI)

Foundation Atelier for Community Transformation (ACT)

Free Press Unlimited (FPU)

GCD (The Turkish Association of Journalists)

Greenpeace Italia

Human Rights Center Ghent University – Dirk Voorhoof, professor emeritus, Freedom of Expression

Index on Censorship

Independent Journalists’ Association of Serbia (IJAS)

International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) 

International News Safety Institute (INSI)

International Press Institute (IPI)

Irish PEN / PEN na hÉireann   (Catherine Dunne, chair, writer)

Justice for Journalists (JFJ)

Libera Informazione 

OBC Transeuropa

Pištaljka (The Whistle)

PEN International


Reporters Without Borders (RSF)

Peace Institute (Ljubljana)

Society of Journalists (Warsaw)

South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO)


The Good Lobby (Italia)

The Turkish Association of Journalists (GCD)

Trade Union of Croatian Journalist (TUCJ)



Are we Europe

Balkan Insight

Daraj – Alia Ibrahim, co-founder  - Cătălin Prisăcariu, co-founder

Delfi Estonia – Urmo Soonvald, editor in chief

Disclose – Ariane Lavrilleux, reporter and press freedom defender

European Investigative Collaborations (EIC) - Stefan Candea, co-founder and coordinator

Expresso -  David Dinis, editor in chief

Gazeta Wyborcza 


InfoLibre - Daniel Basteiro, editor in chief; Jesús Maraña, editorial director

Internazionale – Giovanni De Mauro, editor in chief

Investigate Europe – Alessia Cerantola, editorial director

IrpiMedia – Lorenzo Bagnoli, co-editor in chief


Le Soir - Christophe Berti, editor in chief

Libération - Dov Alfon, editor in chief

Lighthouse Reports - Daniel Howden, founder and director

Magyar Hang - György Zsombor, editor in chief

Mediapart - Carine Fouteau, president and publishing editor

Nacional - Berislav Jelinic, editor in chief


Presadiretta – Riccardo Iacona and the news desk

Politiken - Amalie Kestler, editor in chief

Radio anch’io – Giorgio Zanchini


Reporters United - Nikolas Leontopoulos, co-founder

Shomrim - Eyal Abrahamii, editor in chief

SourceMaterial – Leigh Baldwin, editor in chief

The Insider – Roman Dobrokhotov, editor in chief

TPI (The Post Internazionale)

VG - Gard Steiro, editor in chief

Tags: Italy media freedom SLAPPS

This content is part of the Media Freedom Rapid Response  (MFRR), a Europe-wide mechanism which tracks, monitors and responds to violations of press and media freedom in EU Member States and Candidate Countries. The project is co-funded by the European Commission.