Publication Date: March 2022
Research and Editorial Team: Rebecca Bonello Ghio and Dalia Nasreddin, The Daphne Caruana Galizia Foundation

Since 2019, CASE, the Coalition against Slapps in Europe, has been working with Amsterdam Law Clinics, part of the Law Faculty at the University of Amsterdam (UvA), to catalogue and analyse SLAPP cases from across Europe.

Thanks to input from organisations across the CASE coalition, 570 cases over a 10 year period have been collected.

On the basis of this data, we have identified a number of clear trends. In particular, we have found that the number of SLAPP cases across Europe has been increasing year on year, with the highest number recorded in 2021, followed by 2020 and 2019.

This report is the most comprehensive attempt yet to identify the scale and nature of SLAPPs in Europe.

It builds on the work of a number of advocacy groups that have, since the assassination of Daphne Caruana Galizia in 2017, researched the problem of SLAPPs in Europe. They found a striking pattern emerge across the continent: public watchdogs – journalists, newspapers, activists, campaigning organisations, whistleblowers and others - were increasingly being targeted by lawsuits in response to their efforts to hold the powerful to account.

This report brings all these research efforts together into one place.


The content of this article can be used according to the terms of Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) . To do so use the the wording "this article was originally published on the Resource Centre on Media Freedom in Europe" including a direct active link to the original article page.