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Freedom of the Net 2017: Manipulating Social Media to Undermine Democracy - Reports

A comprehensive study of internet freedom in 65 countries, covering 87 percent of the world’s internet users: Freedom of the Net warns that governments around the world have dramatically increased their efforts to manipulate information on social media over the past year

“News you don’t believe”: Audience perspectives on fake news - Reports

While a narrow definition of the term “fake news” deals with fabricated news reports, audiences use the same expression in a more broad meaning. RISJ’s Factsheet aims at contributing to the discussion on fake news from the point of view of “ordinary people”

Information disorder: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making - Reports

A publication of the Council of Europe which provides a comprehensive conceptual framework and possible solutions to dis-information and mis-information

Media coverage of elections: the legal framework in Europe - Reports

The European Audiovisual Observatory examines the regulation of broadcast, print and online media during elections in different Council of Europe member states

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017 - Reports

The 2017 edition of the Digital News Report by the Reuters Institute, the most comprehensive ongoing comparative study of news consumption in the world, focuses on the issues of trust in the era of fake news, changing business models and the role of platforms

Media manipulation and disinformation online - Reports

The report “Media manipulation and disinformation online” explores how Internet subcultures and radicalised groups, including far-right activists in the United States, exploit web opportunities to influence the mainstream media agenda

Far-Right Nationalism and Populism in Europe: Assaults on Press Freedom - Reports

The study by the Media Governance and Industries Research Lab (University of Vienna) examines how far-right and populist political parties affect independent journalism in democracies and the specific threats they pose to it in 12 European countries: Austria; Bosnia & Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; France; Germany; Hungary; Italy; Montenegro; Poland; Romania; and Serbia.

UK media coverage of the 2016 EU Referendum Campaign - Reports

The King’s College London’s Centre for the Study of Media, Communication and Power provides the first study based on web articles. According to the collected data, the core messages of Leave campaign were better covered by online British media

Inquiry into Fake News - Reports

This report has been submitted to the Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee of the UK Parliament. It analyzes the “fake news” phenomenon by considering the role of the government and technology and the market in the solution of the problem

Fake news. It’s complicated. - Reports

According to an article by Claire Wardle, director of First Draft, in order to find alternatives to the term "fake news" we need to distinguish types of mis-information and disinformation, the motivations of their creators, and the ways of dissemination