Internet platforms have become important fora of public debate, offering tools for increased democratic participation and engagement. The central role of internet platforms enables them to wield considerable control over online speech. Platforms effectively have the power to decide what content to disseminate and what content to remove. The same power is used to adjust content according to the profiles of users developed on the basis of their personal data. Recent scandals have shown that platforms can be misused as instruments of misinformation, propaganda and manipulation. Policy makers try to address the issue by regulating or by incentivising platforms to adopt codes of conduct.
Which are the causes, drivers, and scope of the problem of disinformation? What role does targeted advertising play in the spread of disinformation online? What role does legislation, policy, or other initiatives have in thwarting its spread?
Art. 85 GDPR leaves most of the responsibility to reconcile the right to the protection of personal data pursuant to the GDPR with the right to freedom of expression and information (Art. 11 CFR) to the member states. However, many states did little to nothing to pass specific rules to relieve the mentioned addressees. Thus, has the situation for the freedom of expression fundamentally changed? To what extent do certain rules of the GDPR enable or require a media-friendly interpretation? Which member states fulfilled their obligations to pass rules under Art. 85 GDPR? Could the lack of such rules enable a misuse of Data Protection Law that could jeopardise media freedoms?
This short video by Swedish fact checker Viralgranskaren and The Internet Foundation In Sweden (IFS) shows the effects that spreading false news online can have. Being critical online and doing fact-checking is crucial
What do we know about disinformation and what can be done about it? Are proposed solutions sometimes worse than the actual diseases at hand? Or are we critically underestimating the scale of the problem and missing opportunities to effectively address it? A roundtable on critical perspectives on disinformation at the 2018 edition of the International Journalism Festival in Perugia
A panel discussion about the disinformation ecosystem in times of elections in Europe and how to collaboratively tackle this challenge. The panel took place during the 2017 edition of the re:publica festival in Berlin