Reports and papers

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Mapping Media Freedom Monitoring Report 2022

The 2021 Monitoring Report offers an overview of media freedom violations in the EU and candidate countries from January to December 2022. It addresses in particular four major developments: the war in Ukraine; the abuse of legal actions to silence legitimate public journalism; the rise in online attacks and environmental reporting.

read more Media freedom Safety of journalists Harassment Surveillance War reporting

Acts of intimidation against journalists – Year 2022

“Acts of Intimidation against Journalists – Year 2022” is a publication by the Italian Ministry of the Interior and the Department of Public Security. The scope of this document is to analyse the ongoing situation in the country with respect to the evolution of the threats to the safety of journalists

read more Italy Safety of journalists

The “misuse” of the judicial system to attack freedom of expression: trends, challenges and responses

The current UNESCO brief explores a number of legal tools which are employed to curb freedom of expression around the world, such as criminal defamation offences; defamation as civil wrong; SLAPPs

read more Media freedom Media Law SLAPP Freedom of expression

25th Anniversary of the Mandate of the OSCE Representative on Freedom on the Media – Can there be security without media freedom?

“Can there be security without media freedom?'' is a report published by the office of the OSCE Representative on Freedom on the Media. The scope of this document is to analyse the impact of technology on the media ecosystem and the challenges to overcome. The report formulates a list of recommendations directed to strengthening media freedom, human rights, democracy, and security in the years to come

read more OSCE Member States Freedom of expression Media freedom

The Chilling: recommendations for action responding to online violence against women journalists

A list of recommendations proposed for consideration by responders to online violence against women journalists at the global level

read more Media and gender Digital safety Harassment Safety of journalists

The State of State Media 2022 - A global analysis of the editorial independence of state media based on the state media matrix (2022 edition)

“The State of State Media” is published by the Media and Journalism Research Center. The study analyses the level of independence of public media outlets in all continents

read more Rule of Law Media ownership Media capture Media funding

Monitoring Report - Mapping Media Freedom January - June 2022

The current Monitoring Report tracks media freedom violations across Europe during the first semester of 2022

read more Safety of journalists SLAPP Media freedom Censorship

Intimidation and mafia influences in the world of journalism and information

The Parliamentary sub-committee mafia, journalists and world of information within the Antimafia Commission monitors the limitations to press freedom caused by organised crime. The report recognises that overcoming forms of exploitation and precariousness and supporting less structured but more exposed editorial activities is a democratic duty

read more Italy Safety of journalists Local media SLAPP

Tackling Impunity – Lessons from the Public Inquiry into the Assassination of Daphne Caruana Galizia

The Tackling Impunity report examines the role of a Public Inquiry in shedding light on the context that resulted in the assassination of Maltese investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in October 2017

read more Malta SLAPP Safety of journalists Impunity Media freedom

2022 Rule of Law Report

On 13 July 2022, the European Commission adopted the third Rule of Law Report, which includes 27 country chapters and new recommendations to each Member State

read more EU Member States Media freedom Media ownership Safety of journalists Access to information SLAPP Rule of Law