Publication Date: December 2014
Research and Editorial Team: Elda Brogi; Alina Dobroeva


In September 2013, the European Commission assigned to the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom at the European University Institute, the task of updating, simplifying and conducting a pilot-test implementation of the Media Pluralism Monitor 2009 (MPM 2009) developed by a consortium led by the University of Leuven.

The simplified MPM2014 has been focused on news and current affairs aspects of the media due to their key importance for the civic and political awareness of citizens and for the democratic processes.

In order to pilot test the MPM tool, the CMPF selected a sample of 9 countries, where it was implemented. The list of the sampled countries includes: Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy and the UK.

The examined risk domains are: Basic domain (the strength of the media’s legal framework, impartial circulation of internet data, media literacy); Cultural pluralism in the media (universality of the media’s accessibility and representation, especially in relation to minorities and special needs groups); Geographical pluralism in the media (dealing with the level of representation of local and regional communities), Pluralism of media ownership and control (monitoring the risks of high ownership concentration in the media), Political pluralism in the media (political pressure and interference in the content and functioning of the media outlets) and Pluralism of media types and genres (pluralism in the distribution of information of public interest).

In depth assessment of each risk domain is provided in the report, as well as country-based in the 9 countries scrutinized (Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy and the UK).

Tags: EU Member States Media pluralism Media literacy Italy United Kingdom Belgium Bulgaria Denmark Estonia France Greece Hungary

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