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Measuring the reach of “fake news” and online disinformation in Europe - Reports

This fact sheet by RISJ provides top level usage statistics for the most popular sites that independent fact-checkers and other observers have identified as publishers of false news and online disinformation in two European countries: France and Italy

Journalism and media privilege - Reports

An overview of the most recent rules, case law, and policies across Europe on the privileges given to journalists when exercising their functions

Countering online hate speech against migrants and refugees - Reports

A report by the ‘Coalition of Positive Messengers’ examines what has been achieved and what should be done to effectively countering online hate speech in 7 European countries

Media coverage of elections: the legal framework in Europe - Reports

The European Audiovisual Observatory examines the regulation of broadcast, print and online media during elections in different Council of Europe member states

Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017 - Reports

The 2017 edition of the Digital News Report by the Reuters Institute, the most comprehensive ongoing comparative study of news consumption in the world, focuses on the issues of trust in the era of fake news, changing business models and the role of platforms

Far-Right Nationalism and Populism in Europe: Assaults on Press Freedom - Reports

The study by the Media Governance and Industries Research Lab (University of Vienna) examines how far-right and populist political parties affect independent journalism in democracies and the specific threats they pose to it in 12 European countries: Austria; Bosnia & Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; France; Germany; Hungary; Italy; Montenegro; Poland; Romania; and Serbia.

Freelancers: instruments and victims of deregulated working conditions - Reports

For a growing number of journalists in Europe, atypical is the new typical and precarious employment is becoming the norm

How does the media on both sides of the Mediterranean report on Migration? - Reports

Media coverage is vital to shaping people’s opinions on migration, but journalism struggles to resist oversimplification, emotional approach and political interference

Attacks against journalists and media freedom in Europe - Reports

A review of major violations recorded by the Council of Europe “Platform to promote the protection of journalism and safety of journalists” shows worrying trends particularly in countries affected by conflict and unrest

Shut up or I'll sue you! The Effects of the Laws on Libel in Italy - Reports

Ossigeno per l’Informazione marked the International Day to end impunity for crimes against journalists by releasing a new publication focusing on the effects of libel laws in Italy