Numerous developments and initiatives that aim to counter the spread of false information with the aid of technology have emerged.
James Ball surveys the landscape almost three years after "fake news" became the word of the year.
The backfire effect happens when debunking an ideological belief reinforces rather than weaken the belief itself. Full Fact’s Research Manager Amy Sippitt reviewed seven studies about backfire effect, concluding that it may occur only in some cases
The report analyses how Facebook has tackled specific issues concerning political information and political speech, and then suggests nine ways to make the platform a better forum for free speech and democracy
This short video by Swedish fact checker Viralgranskaren and The Internet Foundation In Sweden (IFS) shows the effects that spreading false news online can have. Being critical online and doing fact-checking is crucial
A case study of the French political landscape on Twitter during the 2017 presidential election, and how different political communities share fake news and debunks
A report by the Irish Government about the security of elections and referendum in relation with disinformation
EU DisinfoLab developed a system for monitoring disinformation based on an identified ecosystem rather than on a series of keywords. They tested it on the 2018 Italian general elections
This synopsis report presents the major points emerged from the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation held by the European Commission
A complaint to the European Ombudsman about EU vs Disinfo