Reports and papers

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

Starting points for combating hate speech online

This report by the Council of Europe, Youth Department (2013) analyses experiences, tools, and lessons learned for dealing with the issue of combating hate speech online

read more Hate speech EU Member States

The Evolving Regulation of the Media in Europe as an Instrument for Freedom and Pluralism

This CMPF report examines the tension between EU regulation of the media based on market harmonization and liberalization on the one hand, and the need to guarantee media pluralism and media freedom on the other hand.

read more Media pluralism Media freedom European policies and legislation

Crisis, Financialization and Regulation: The Case of Media Industries in Portugal

The article gives an overview about the situation and the development of the Portuguese media sector and its ownership structures

read more Portugal Media ownership

France - Media Pluralism Monitor 2014

Media Pluralism Monitor reveals low/medium risk for media pluralism in France

read more France Media pluralism Media literacy

Italy - Media Pluralism Monitor 2014

The MPM 2014 report shows a medium/high risk for media pluralism in Italy, based on medium levels of risk in all three realms considered

read more Italy Media pluralism Media ownership Public broadcasting

Travel guide to the digital world: surveillance and digital standards

The Guide on Surveillance and Digital Standards released by the Centre for Law and Democracy provides a survey of the digital surveillance landscape and the relevant international standards

read more Digital rights Surveillance Digital safety Worldwide

Who owns Georgia's regional media

A detailed study released by Transparency International looks at the ownership, operations and financing of local media outlets in Georgia

read more Georgia Local media Media ownership

Theories of Journalism in a Digital Age - Introduction

This special issue introductory article investigates contemporary notions of theory in journalism studies

read more Digital rights Digital safety

Estonia - Media Pluralism Monitor 2014

The implementation of the MPM2014 for Estonia shows a medium risk for media pluralism in the country, particularly in the economic field

read more Estonia Media pluralism Media ownership Public broadcasting

United Kingdom - Media Pluralism Monitor 2014

The implementation of the MPM2014 for the United Kingdom shows a low/medium risk for media pluralism in the country

read more United Kingdom Media pluralism