Reports and papers

Analyses on specific aspects related to press and media freedom, performed and published by research centres, non-governmental organizations and public bodies

State of democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Europe

The Council of Europe report on the State of Democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Europe reveals a striking decline with regard to freedom of the media in 2014: lack of freedom of expression and media freedom is listed among the most serious challenges and affects 8 member States

read more Council of Europe Member States European policies and legislation Media freedom

Who owns Georgia’s media: Power networks and corporate relationships behind Georgian media outlets

A detailed study released by Transparency International examining the media ownership structure in Georgia with a special focus on media outlets that have national coverage

read more Georgia Media ownership Media pluralism

Violence and Harassment against Women in the News Media

A comprehensive picture of the dangers faced by women journalists around the world, based on a global, online survey shows that two-thirds of respondents experienced some form of intimidation, threats or abuse in relation to their work as female journalist

read more Media and gender Safety of journalists Digital safety Worldwide

Guidelines for EU support to media freedom and media integrity in enlargement countries, 2014-2020

No country can join the EU without guaranteeing freedom of expression as a basic human right (Article 49 of the EU Treaty). This document, released by DG Enlargement in February 2014, presents the main points in the EU enlargement agenda on media freedom and integrity

read more Media freedom Media pluralism

Trust in Bulgarian media. Opinion of the citizens

This short presentation shows the main findings of the 2014 survey on Bulgarian citizen's trust in media

read more Trust in media Access to information Bulgaria

OSCE Safety of Journalists Guidebook

This 2014 OSCE Guidebook, released by the Representative on Freedom of the Media, approaches the issue of attacks on media in a comprehensive way, positing solutions to create a safe environment for journalists

read more Safety of journalists Legal protection OSCE Member States Impunity

Freedom of information in Montenegro

The paper "Freedom of Information in Montenegro" analyses the legal framework, practice and implementation of the law regulating access to public information in Montenegro

read more Montenegro Access to information

Freedom of expression and hate speech

This report offers a comprehensive elaboration on the distinction between freedom of expression and hate speech. By taking into account both key concepts and the legal perspective, it combines a generalist perspective with country-specific elements related to Macedonia

read more Hate speech North Macedonia Freedom of expression Defamation and Libel Legal protection Worldwide

Media and Democracy in Central Eastern Europe (MDCEE)

A four year project investigated the relations between democracy and media in the countries that have joined the EU since 2004

read more Media ownership Media Law Slovenia Bulgaria Romania Estonia Latvia Lithuania Slovakia Czech Republic Poland Hungary

Reconceptualising copyright: adapting the rules to respect freedom of expression in the digital age

This report examines the current framework of copyright rules from a freedom of expression perspective in order to determine how copyright should be reformed to best promote and protect it

read more Freedom of expression Copyright Digital rights Worldwide