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Internet and electoral campaigns - Reports

Rules on electoral campaigning were written for traditional media. This report examines how the shift to digital media affects the effectiveness of these rules and suggests updates

Foreign media ownership in Europe Saturday 24 March 2018 - Infographic

Multimedia/Infographics/Foreign-media-ownership-in-Europe

(i.e. in Austria, Cyprus, France, Poland, and Spain), it does not apply to citizens or companies from EU countries. France has the most restrictive environment, with maximum limits for non-EU capital

Turkey: Freedom of Expression in Jeopardy - Reports

The report, written for English PEN by two human rights experts, provides an overview of the state of freedom of expression in Turkey after the attempted coup in July 2016 and engages in a critical evaluation of the violations of the rights of writers, publishers, academics and within academic institutions

Legal Defence Centres Fighting for Press Freedom in Italy - Legal Resources

Ossigeno per l’Informazione and the Italian Coalition for Civil Liberties and Rights explain their work for journalists and non-profit associations who face legal charges or need legal assistance

Internet & Jurisdiction Policy Network - Stakeholders

Established in 2012, the Internet & Jurisdiction (I&J) Policy Network enables multi-stakeholder cooperation among civil society, academia, technical operators, international organizations, states and internet platforms to address the tension between the cross-border nature of the internet and national jurisdictions facilitating the development of global policy standards. Three thematic programs are currently carried out: Data & Jurisdiction, Content & Jurisdiction, Domains & Jurisdiction. The I&J Observatory keeps track of jurisdictional trends around the world.

Italian Online and Offline Political Communication Regulation: an Overview - Reports

In the lead-up of March 4, 2018 Italian elections and resting upon the experience of the last elections in the UK, France, Germany and the U.S., this report proposes an overview of the existing Italian legal framework regulating political communication during electoral campaigns

Media in the EU - a euro|topics dataset - Datasets

A dynamic tool to search media outlets in the EU member countries developed by euro|topics

Measuring the reach of “fake news” and online disinformation in Europe - Reports

This fact sheet by RISJ provides top level usage statistics for the most popular sites that independent fact-checkers and other observers have identified as publishers of false news and online disinformation in two European countries: France and Italy

Hate speech: what it is and how to contrast it - Article

The third of a series of thematic itineraries to explore the Resource Centre on Media Freedom through a curated aggregation of contents. 

How to Counter Fake News? A taxonomy of anti-fake news approaches - Reports

The article provides a first taxonomy of anti-fake news approaches, arguing that contrasting the phenomenon with news laws could aggravate its root causes